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William L. Oppenheim, M.D.

Professional Titles & Positions
Director, Cerebral Palsy Program, Orthopaedic Institute for Children
Director, UCLA/Orthopaedic Hospital Center for Cerebral Palsy
Clinical Professor, UCLA/Orthopaedic Hospital Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles
Emeritus Chief of Pediatric Orthopaedics, UCLA/Orthopaedic Hospital Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles
Margaret Holden Jones Kaanar Professor, Cerebral Palsy
Primary Area of Practice
Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery
Language(s) Spoken
Practice Location(s)
Reene and Meyer Luskin Children's Clinic 1250 16th Street, Suite 2100, Santa Monica, CA USA 90404 Appointments: Phone (424) 259-6593 Fax (424) 259-6588
Hospital and Institute Affiliation(s)
Orthopaedic Institute for Children
Santa Monica-UCLA Medical Center and Orthopaedic Hospital
Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center
Medical Board Certifications
Orthopaedic Surgery, American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2004.
Doctor of Medicine, Georgetown University Medical School, Washington, D.C., Magna cum Laude, 1970.
Residency: Resident in Orthopedic Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 1974-1978.
Fellowship: Girdlestone Fellow, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, England, 1976-1977.
Fellowship: Fellow in Pediatric Orthopedics, Los Angeles Orthopedic Hospital, Los Angeles, California, 1978-1979.
Clinical Interest
Cerebral Palsy
Spina Bifida
Spinal Deformity
Osteogenesis Imperfecta
American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine
American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Orthopedics
Pediatric Orthopedic Society
American Medical Association
Bay Surgical Society
California Professional Society on the Abuse of Children
Girdlestone Society
International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics
International Society for Child Abuse
Los Angeles County Medical Association
Rocky Mountain Traumatological Society
Western Orthopedic Association
Research Interest
Cerebral Palsy
Bone and Mineral Disorders
Spinal Deformity
Professional Links
1. Oppenheim, W.L.: Neurodepressant and Local Anesthetic Activity of the Quarternary Ammonium Salt, Methyl-lidocaine Chloride. Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie de Therapie, 188, 1, pp. 156-162, November 1970.
2. Oppenheim, W. L., Harley, J.O., and Lippert, F.G.: Arteriographic Management of Post Operative Bleeding Following Major Hip Surgery. Jour. of Bone and Joint Surg., 57A:127-128, January 1975.
3. Oppenheim, W.L.: The Battered Alcoholic Syndrome. Journal of Trauma, 17(11); 850-856, Oct. 1977.
4. Oppenheim, W.L., Smith, R., and Tricker, J.: Traumatic Hemipelvectomy, The Tenth Survivor; Review of the Literature. Injury, 9(4):307-312, May 1978.
5. Elia, M., Oppenheim, W.L., Smith, R., and Williamson, D.H.: Changes in the Blood Glucose and Plasma Insulin After Intravenous Galactose In Human Injury. Clin. Sci., 57(3):249-56, September, 1979.
6. Oppenheim, W.L., Williamson, D., and Smith, R.: Biochemistry and Injury Severity in Man. Journal of Trauma, 20(2):135-140, February 1980.
7. eiser, J., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Hip Fractures in Children, a Review of Forty Cases. Clin. Ortho. and Related Research, 149:177, June 1980.
8. Oppenheim, W.L., and Greenlee, T.: Bladder Diverticulum Simulates Metastatic Tumor on Bone Scan. Ortho. Review, 9(8):69-71, August 1980.
9. Galleno, H., and Oppenheim, W.L.: The Battered Child Syndrome Revisited. Clin. Ortho. and Related Research, 150:8-15, January 1982.
10. Gomes, A.S., Mali, W.P., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Embolization Therapy in the Management of Congenital Arteriovenous Malformations. Radiology, 144(1):41-49, July 1982.
11. Zimmerman, M., Smith, C., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Supracondylar Extension Femoral Osteotomies in the Treatment of Fixed Flexion Deformities of the Knee. Clin. Ortho. and Related Research, 177:87-93, November-December 1982.
12. Gomes, A.S., Bussutil, R.W., Baker, J.D., Oppenheim, W.L., Malchleder, H.I., and Moore, W.S.: Congenital Arteriovenous Malformations. Arch. Surg., 118:817-825, July 1983.
13. Ferkel, RD, Westin GW, Dawson, EG, and Oppenheim WL: Muscular Torticollis, a modified surgical approach. Jour. Bone Joint Surg. 65-A, no.7, pp. 894-900, 1983.
14. Oppenheim, W.L., and Galleno, H.: Steroid Injections for the Treatment of Unicameral Bone Cysts. Jour. of Ped. Orthopedics, 4(1):1-7, 1984.
15, Thomas, B., Dawson, E., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Congenital Hemicorpectomy, A Case Report. Clin. Ortho. Rel. Research, 185:109-111, May 1984.
16. Oppenheim, W.L., Clader, T.J., Smith, C., and Bayer, M.: Supracondylar Osteotomies of the Humerus for Cubitus Varus Deformity. Clin. Ortho. and Related Research, 188:34-39, September l984.
17. Anderson, L., Westin, G., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Syme Amputation in Children. Jour. of Ped. Orthopedics, 4(5):550-554, September 1984.
18. Silbart, S., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Purpura Fulminans: Medical, Surgical, and Rehabilitative Management. Clin. Ortho. and Related Research, 193:206-213,. March 1985.
19. Thomas, B., Schopler, S., and Oppenheim, W.L.: The Knee in Arthrogryposis. Clin. Ortho. and Related Research, 194:87-92, April 1985.
20. Oppenheim, W.L., and Christie, W.: Congenital Vertical Talus. Foot and Ankle, 5(4):198-204, Jan-Feb 1985.
21. Oppenheim, W.L., and Johnson, E: Orthopedic Consultation--Supracondylar Fracture of the Elbow in a Child. Hospital Practice, 6(3):8-12, March, 1985.
22. Oppenheim, W.L., Graham, S., and Dawson, E.: The Cephaloscapular Projection, A New Diagnostic View. Clin. Ortho. and Related Research, 195:191-193, May, 1985.
23. Kay, S., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Both Bone Midshaft Forearm Fractures in Children. J. Pediatr. Ortho. 6:306-310, May/June, 1986.
24. Graham, S., and Oppenheim, W.L.: The Chiari Osteotomy, Long Term Follow-up. Clin. Ortho. and Related Research, 208:249-257, 1986.
25. Johnson, E., Audell, R., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Congenital Dislocation of the Knee. J. of Pediatr. Ortho. J. Pediatr. Ortho. 7:194-200, 1987.
26. Oppenheim, W.L. and Namba, R.: Closed Femoral Shortening; Modification Using an Intramedullary Cam. J. Pediatr. Ortho. 8(5):609-612, Sept./Oct., 1988.
27. Oppenheim, W.L., Salusky, I., and Namba, R.: Aluminum Toxicity Complicating Renal Osteodystrophy. Jour. Bone and Joint Surg. 71A(3):446-452, March, 1989.
28. Salusky, I.B., Brill, J., Oppenheim, W.L., and Goodman, W.G.: Features of Renal Osteodystrophy in Pediatric Patients Receiving Regular Peritoneal Dialysis. Annals of Pediatric Nephrology. 9(1):37-42, 1989.
29. Oppenheim, W.L., Moseley, C., and Friscia, D.: The Van Nes Procedure in the Treatment of Proximal Femoral Focal Femoral Deficiency. J. Bone and Joint Surg. 71A:1386-392, October, 1989.
30. Oppenheim, W.L., Johnson, E.J., and Davlin, L. Concomitant Fracture of the Capitellum and Trochlea: Case Report. Journal of Orthop. Traumatol.3(3):260-262, 1989.
31. Oppenheim, W.L., Larsen, K., McNabb ,M., Smith, C., and Setoguchi, Y.: Popliteal Pterygium Syndrome. J. Pediatr. Ortho. 10(1):58-64, 1990. 32. Oppenheim, W.L., Davis, A., Growdon W.A., Dorey, F.J. and Davlin, L.: Clavicle Fractures in the Newborn. Clin. Ortho and Related Research, 250:176-180, 1990.
32. Oppenheim, W.L.: Selective Posterior Rhizotomy in the Treatment of Spastic Cerebral Palsy. Clin. Ortho. Rel. Res. 253:20-29, April, 1990. 34. Staudt, L., Peacock, W.J., and Oppenheim, W.L.: The Role of Selective Posterior Rhizotomy in the Management of Cerebral Palsy. Infants and Children. 2(3):48-58, 1990.
33. Borenstein, Z., Mink, J., Oppenheim, W., Rimoin, D., and Lachman, R.: Congenital Glenoid Hypoplasia, Case Report. Skeletal Radiology 20:134-136, 1991.
34. Oppenheim, W.L.: Fibula Deficiency and the Indications for Syme's Amputation. Prosthetics and Orthotics International. 15:131-136, August, 1991. 37. Oppenheim, W.L., and Dauer, M.S.: The Technique of Childhood Ankle Disarticulation. Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. 1(4): 283-288, 1992.
35. Oppenheim,. W.L., Salusky, I., and Shayestehfar, S.: Physeal Changes in Renal Osteodystrophy--Lateral Blount's Disease. J. Pediatr. Ortho. 12(6):774-779, 1992
36. Safran, M.R., Eckardt, J.J., Kabo, J.M., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Continued Growth of the Proximal Tibia Following Prosthetic Reconstruction of the Skeletally Immature Knee. Jour. Bone Joint Surg. 74A:1172-1179, 1992.
37. Schneider, K., Hart, T., Zernicke, R.F., Setoguchi, Y., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Dynamics of Below-Knee Child Amputee Gait: SACH Foot versus Flex Foot. Journal of Biomechanics, 26(10):1191-1204, 1993.
39. Ward, W.G., Eckardt, J.J., Shayestehfar, S., Mirra, J., Grogan, T., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Osteoid Osteoma: Diagnosis and Management With Low Morbidity. Clin. Ortho. Rel. Res. 291: 229-235, June 1993..
40. Oppenheim, W.L. and Gautsch, T.: Technique of Closed Femoral Shortening. Operative Techiques in Orthopedics. 3(2): 174-181, April, 1993.
41. Oppenheim, W.L., Staudt, L., and Peacock, W.J.: Management of Childhood Spasticity. Advances in Operative Orthopedics. 1:313-335, 1993.
42. Oppenheim, W.L.: Die Exartikulation im Sprunggelenk nach Syme im Kindesalter. Operative Orthopdie und Traumatologie, Standardeingriffe und neue Verfahren. 5(2):124-29, 1993.
43. Salusky, I.B., Ramirez, J.A., Oppenheim, W.L., Gales, B., Segre, G., and Goodman, W.G.: Biochemical Markers of Renal Osteodystrophy in Pediatric Patients Undergoing CAPD/CCPD. Kidney International 45:253-258, 1994.
44. Safran, M.R., McDonough, P., Seeger, L., Gold, R., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Dorsal Defect of the Patella. J. Pediatr. Ortho. Jour. Pediatr. Ortho. 14(5):603-607, 1994.
45. Setoguchi, Y., Zernicke, R., Fowler, E., and Oppenheim, W. L.: A Comparsion Study of Two Treatment Approaches to Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency. J. Ass. Child. Pros. Clinics 28(1):32-33, 1993.
46. Oppenheim, W.L.: La desarticulacin del tobillo en los nios, segn la tchnica de Syme. Ortopedia y Traumatologia. 3(1):48-53, 1994.
47. Wall, M., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Measurement of Error in Spondylolisthesis. J. Pediatr Ortho. 15(2):193-198, 1995.
48. Oppenheim, W.L.: The Spine in Osteogenesis Imperfecta. A Review. Connective Tissue Research, 31:S59-S63, 1995.
49. Henshaw, R.M., Shapiro, M.S., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Delayed Reduction of traumatic Knee Dislocation. Clin. Ortho. Rel. Res. 330:152-156, 1996. 51. Kushwaha, V, Shaw, B., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Musculoskeletal Coccidiomycosis. A review of 25 Patients. Clin. Ortho. Rel. Res. 332:190-199, 1996.
50. Fowler, I., Setoguchi, Y., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Energy consumption in Van Nes versus Syme amputations for Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency. J Bone Joint Surg., JBJS, 78A::1857-1871, 1996.
51. Oppenheim, W.L., Fischer, S.R., and Salusky, I.B.: Surgical Correction of Angular Deformity of the Knee in Children with Renal Osteodystrophy. J. Pediatr Ortho. 17:41-49, 1997.
52. Shaw, B.A., Murphy. K.E., Shaw, A, Oppenheim, W.L., and Myracle, M.R.: Humeral shaft fractures in young children: accident or abuse. J. Pediartr Ortho. 17:293-297, 1997.
53. Merjanian, R., Kinakos, C., Dorrey, F., and Oppenheim, W.L.: The Posteroperative Total Febrile Response in the Pediatric Orthopedic Population, J. Pediat. Ortho. 18:497-501, 1998.
54. Fowler, E., Hester, D., Oppenheim, W.L., Setoguchi, Y., and Zernicke, R.: Contrast in Gait Mechanics of Individuals with Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency; Syme Amputation versus Van Nes Rotational Osteotomy. J. Pediat. Ortho, 19:723-728, 1999
55. Oppenheim, W.L., Bowen, R.E., McDonough, P.W., Funahashi, T.T., Salusky, I.B.: Outcome of slipped capital femoral epiphysis in renal osteodystrophy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2003 Mar-Apr;23(2):169-74.
56. Shim, M.L., Moshang, T. Jr, Oppenheim, W..L, Cohen P.:. Is treatment with growth hormone effective in children with cerebral palsy? Dev Med Child Neurol. 2004 Aug;46(8):569-71
57. Jones, N.F., Shin E.K., Mostofi A., and Oppenheim W.L: Successful replantation of the leg in a pre-ambulatory infant.J Reconstr Microsurg. 2005 Aug;21(6):359-64.
58. Bowen, RB and Oppenheim, WL: K/DOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines for Bone Metabolism and Disease in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease. Guideline #3, Surgical Management of Renal Osteodystrophy. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, Vol 46, No 4, Suppl 1 (October) 2005: pp S23-S25.
59. Ali, O.,Shim, M., Fowler, E., Greenberg. M., Perkins, D., Oppenhiem, W., and Cohen, P.: Growth Hormone Therapy Improves Bone Mineral Density in Children with Cerebral Palsy. J Clin Endocrinol Metab.2007; 92: 932-937.
60. Oppenheim, WL: The Internet 2006, Editorial. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 2006, 48: 707
61. Ali, O., Shim, M., Fowler, E., Cohen, P., and Oppenheim, W.:Spinal Bone Mineral Density, IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 in Children with Cerebral Palsy. Hormone Research. 2007 Oct 2;68(6):316-320 [Epub ahead of print]
62. Oppenheim WL. Complimentary and Alternative Methods in Cerebral Palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2009 Oct;51 Suppl 4:122-9. Review.
63. Fowler EG, Staudt LA, Greenberg MB, Oppenheim WL.Selective Control Assessment of the Lower Extremity (SCALE): development, validation, and interrater reliability of a clinical tool for patients with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2009 Aug;51(8):607-14. Epub 2009 Feb 12.
64. Oppenheim, W.L., and Ogden, J.: Editorial Comment, Problem Fractures in Children, Clin. Ortho. and Related Research, 188:2, September, 1984.
65. Oppenheim, W.L.: The Battered Alcoholic. Interview in Emergency Medicine, p. 95, August 1978.
66. Oppenheim, W.L., and Heiser, J.: Reply to Professor Bohler. Clin. Ortho. and Related Research, 161:343, November-December 1981.
67. Oppenheim, W.L.: Pediatric Orthopedic Emergencies, A Rational Approach. Orthopedics Today, 1:5, September-October 1981.
68. Rollins, J., and Oppenheim, W.L.: Childhood Participation in Sports. UCLA Medical Newsletter, 3:9, Sept., 1985
69. Oppenheim, W.L.: Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis. Audio Digest, Management Problems in Pediatric Orthopedics, 8:4, April, 1985. 7. Oppenheim, W.L.: Reply to Dr. Hurman. Clin. Otho. Rel. Res., 198:308, 1985.
70. Oppenheim, W.L.: Pediatric Orthopedic Update: Leg Legthening. UCLA Pediatric Surgery. 1:2, 1988.
71. Oppenheim, W.L.: Pediatric Orthopedics. Angular Deformities in Children. UCLA Pediatric Surgery 1(2):2, 1989.
72. Oppenheim, W.L. : Commentary on Intraoperative Anaphylaxis Due to Exposure to Latex (Natural Rubber) in Children. Advances in Ortho Surg. 19:205-207, 1996.
73. Oppenheim, W.L. : Commentary Syringomylelia and Scoliosis in Children. Advances in Ortho Surg. 20:31-33, 1996 12. Oppenheim, W.L.: Commentary on Absent Superficial Abdominal Reflexes in Children with Scoliosis, An Early Indicator of Syringomyelia. Advances in Ortho Surg. 20:89-91, 1996.
74. Oppenheim, W.L.: Commentary Closed Reduction and Percutaneous Pinning for type III displaced Supracondylar Fractures of the Humerus in Children. Advances in Ortho Surg. 20:196-198, 1997.